|State website:||General info, state Senate committee, state House committee|
|2010-cycle districts:||Congress, State Senate, State House « NEW|
|2000-cycle districts:||Congress, State Senate, State House|
|Primary governing law:||Or. Const. art. IV, § 6, Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.010|
Redistricting political control:
Governor State Senate State House Congressional lines D 16 D, 14 R 30 D, 30 R State legislative lines D 16 D, 14 R 30 D, 30 R 2000 cong. lines D 14 D, 16 R 28 D, 32 R 2000 state lines D 14 D, 16 R 28 D, 32 R
Oregon's congressional lines are drawn by the state legislature, as a regular statute, subject to gubernatorial veto. The members of the state House committee responsible for redistricting are listed here; the members of the state Senate committee are listed here.
For state legislative lines, the legislature has primarily responsibility to draw a plan, but if it fails to do so, responsibility falls to the Secretary of State to draw district lines. [Or. Const. art. IV, § 6]
The Oregon constitution vests original jurisdiction in the state Supreme Court for review of state legislative lines in state court. There is no similar provision for congressional lines. [Or. Const. art. IV, § 6]
Census data were delivered to Oregon on February 23, 2011.
Oregon state law does not impose a particular deadline for drawing congressional lines, though candidates must file for congressional primary elections by June 6, 2012. [Or. Rev. Stat. § 249.037] The 2011 legislative session began on February 1, 2011, and ends on June 30, 2011.
For state legislative lines, if the state legislature does not enact a redistricting statute by July 1, 2011, the process will fall to the Oregon Secretary of State, who must file a plan by August 15, 2011. [Or. Const. art. IV, § 6] Candidates must file for state legislative primary elections by June 6, 2012. [Or. Rev. Stat. § 249.037]<
The Oregon constitution ties the drawing of state legislative lines to the Census, and might therefore be construed to prohibit redrawing lines mid-decade; there is no similar provision pertaining to congressional lines. [Or. Const. art. IV, § 6]
- Public input
The state House and state Senate legislative redistricting committees held hearings from February through April, 2011. Associated testimony and other materials are available here and here; hearing audio can be found here and here.
Like all states, Oregon must comply with constitutional equal population requirements. By statute, Oregon further asks that its state legislative districts be of equal population, "as nearly as practicable." [Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.010]
Oregon must also, like all states, abide by section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
Oregon statutes establish additional criteria for both state legislative and congressional districts; the legislature may modify these statutes at any time. Currently, Oregon law asks that, as nearly as practicable, districts be contiguous, utilize existing geographic or political boundaries, not divide communities of common interest, and be connected by transportation links. The law also declares that districts will not be drawn for the purpose of favoring a political party, incumbent, or other person.[Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.010]
The Secretary of State has promulgated rules clarifying that, at least when the Secretary of State must draw district lines, she will comply with statutory criteria "to the maximum extent practicable"; these rules further focus "geographic or political boundaries" on county and city lines, focus "transportation links" on the presence of county roads in populated areas, and note that media markets will be considered in "determining communities of common interest." [Or. Admin. R. § 165-008-0060]
Oregon districts are "nested," with every state Senate district containing two state House districts. [Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.010]
- 2010 cycle cases
Meeker v. Kitzhaber, No. CV-110197 (Ore. Circuit Ct.): a challenge in state court to the malapportionment of current congressional districts, based on legislative inability to agree on a congressional district plan.
- Complaint (May 18, 2011).
The latest: The case was dismissed on July 12, 2011.
- 2000 cycle
In the 2000 redistricting cycle, the Oregon legislature passed a congressional plan, S.B. 500, which was vetoed on June 28, 2001. An Oregon state trial court was then asked to draw congressional districts, which it did on October 19, 2001. [Perrin v. Kitzhaber, No. 0107-07021 (Or. Circuit Ct. Oct. 19, 2001); Or. Rev. Stat. § 188.140]
The legislature also passed a state legislative plan, H.B. 2001, which was also vetoed on June 28, 2001. When July 1 passed without a valid legislative plan, the Secretary of State submitted a state legislative plan. That plan was challenged in state court, and upheld. [Hartung v. Bradbury, 33 P.3d 972 (Or. 2001)]